Generally goats are very hardy animals and can survive in very harsh climatic conditions. In A & N Islands, mainly parasitic diseases are more prevalent due to the high rainfall, high humidity which favours the growth of these parasites. The farmers are generally rear the gosts in semi-intensive system with almost 5-6 hours of grazing. Studies carried out in this islands showed that intensity of parasitic diseases are more during the monsoon season. This causes reduced production potential and in turn causes economic losses to the farmers. Hence prevention and treatment of parasitic diseases are very much important. Monsoon season advisory is given below for health management of goats against the endoparasites.

  • Health management is more important especially worm load. Hence the kids must be dewormed at first month of age and then once in a month upto 6 months of age. Ecoto-parasites must be treated carefully because it not only affect the growth and also affect skin quality.
  • Kids are very susceptible to internal parasites. Kids should be dewormed for the first time at 8 weeks of age.
  • Subsequently, anthelmentic should be given at every 4-8 weeks interval.
  • Common signs of parasitic infection are paleness of the gums or lower eyelids, diarrhea, rough hair coat and poor growth.
  • Choice of anthelmentic should be rotational to avoid anthelmentic resistance and one anthelmentic should be used only for one year.
  • Mineral and vitamin supplementation should be given for 7 days per month to increase the general immunity of the animal against parasites.
  • Adult and young should not be allowed to graze together in the same pasture.
  • During rainy season in this island ecosystem, kids suffer from coccidia which causes diarrohea. Treatment with amprolium @ 50 mg/kg body weight for 5 days cure the diarrohea.