It has been a year since Hajee Cassim Mohammed Jadwet, the patriarch of Jadwet group of companies, passed away in Kolkata at the age of 87. On his first death anniversary, the islanders remember him for his contribution to the economy of these islands. Cassim Jadwet was the director of R. Akoojee Jadwet & Company, which was the trade agent for the British government in Nicobar group of islands. He played an important role in improving the social and economical development of the nicobarese; he introduced the concept of currency and monetary system for the first time in Nicobars, replacing the barter system. For the first time in the history of Nicobars, he generated electricity with the help of generator sets in the early 40’s. He played a key role along with Bishop John Richardson, in setting up the two apex cooperative societies in the Nicobars, Ellon Hinengo Limited and Manula Mathai Limited. He played a key role in the Nicobar group those days where the administration had a very minimal control over Nicobar group, and entire affairs used to be run by R. Akoojee Jadwet & Co. The Nicobarese consider him as the father of modern Nicobar. In the year 1958, he donated a hospital building at Malacca village at Carnicobar for the welfare of the tribal community.
 
A visionary by nature, Cassim Jadwet played an important role in developing the commerce of Port Blair; he started the first travel agency in these islands – Island Travels, built the first five star hotel in Port Blair, Hotel Bay Island, which was designed by the world famous architect, Charles Correa. The Light House cinema hall was also established by him. Cassim Jadwet was also a board member of the Thai India Steel industry in Bangkok. Last year in March, the Honourable Lt. Governor, Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Bhopinder Singh, PVSM, AVSM, released the book titled “The Jadwet Saga”, which was an autobiography penned down by Late Hajee Cassim Mohammed Jadwet.
 
The Nicobari community, islanders and the members of the Jadwet family remembers this great legend on the occasion of his first death anniversary.
                    
 
One name which still exists in the minds of most of the people in these islands is of ‘Sulaiman Parekh’. Shri Sulaiman Parekh, a Guajarati by origin was born in Rangoon in the early 20’s, he was one of the most powerful people in Andaman Nicobar Islands. He was the first civil person in these islands to win a case against the administration represented by the then chief commissioner Shri Mahabir Singh in the late 60’s. 
 
Shri Sulaiman Parekh started his career working for the R.Akoojee Jadwet & Co., in Rangoon Burma, later he took over the position of the General Manager of M/S Jadwet Trading Company in the year 1958. He was the right hand of Hajee Cassim Jadwet, and equally contributed in the development of Jadwet business in Andaman Nicobar Islands. 
 
He was so powerful that even an airline those days would not take off until he reached the airport; there have been severe incidents where many ships and aircrafts waited till Mr. Parekh had boarded the flight. Shri S.M. Parekh served as the president of Andaman Nicobar Chamber of commerce from 1977 till his death in 1981. 
 
His words were among the strongest words in the business community of these islands and were respectfully accepted in the administration. He passed away in the year 1981 at Port Blair, and was buried at the Phoenix Bay graveyard. On the day of his funeral, the entire city was closed and was attended by a large number of people including government officers and politicians. Even today the elders of these islands remember him as the “King of Port Blair”.
 
Contributed by Ebrahim Jadwet


The deep ocean, vast sky and the gigantic mountains: all have a great possession in bringing about a harmonious balance for man-kind. For years, man was truly connected to nature, perceptibly with the flow of energy from the universe. Most of our ancestors connected to it, experienced it and transferred it, a huge knowledge that remained deep within one’s self called self realisation. Somewhere deep in the mountains of Japan, here is a man that experienced this energy flow called REIKI (REI: Universal consciousness and KEI: Life energy). Dr. Mikao Usui brought it to the forefront of this simple universal energy healing, which today has millions of followers around the globe.

So how does Reiki work? We have Aura surrounding us, the proof of which has been the images captured by Kirilian cameras. The main component of this aura is the energy body. Reiki works by healing this energy body, which in turn heals the emotion or physical body. Therefore it can be used to heal physical or emotional issues like chronic pain, allergies, depression, and anxiety. The whole universe can also be seen as many different variations of energy. The emotions, situations, dreams, spaces all of them are energy equations. This factor gives reiki a certain edge. It can be used for cleaning, healing, energizing and protecting spaces, relationships, situations and much more.

Today, Reiki has become a way of life. It being a powerful technique, Reiki has been used and accepted by many, yet being a simple to practice. Being centred in a non-religious perspective, it works for all those who has the intention to heal self, others and also for those looking forward to a joyous positive life. The universe is ready with its intention; it’s time to start this new journey towards holistic healing.

Doctorate in alternate medicine (Hypnotherapy)
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Reiki Master (William Lee Rand School)
Certified Clinical Hypnotherapist, Past Life Therapist, Tarot & Angel Card Reader.
Crystal & Chakra Healer.

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Biodiversity in tourism business represent a new and dynamic partnership. The alliance between tourism and conservation offers enormous potential benefits for all mankind provided if its conducted in a sustainable manner. The United Nations proclaimed 2010 to be the International Year of Biodiversity, and people all over the world are working to safeguard this irreplaceable natural wealth and reduce biodiversity loss. This is vital for current and future human wellbeing. 

The International Year of Biodiversity is also a unique opportunity to increase understanding of the vital role that biodiversity plays in sustaining life on Earth and nature, and to stop the loss. We are an integral part of nature; our fate is tightly linked with biodiversity, the huge variety of animals and plants, the places they live and their surrounding environments, all over the world. We rely on this diversity of life to provide us with the food, fuel, medicine and other essentials we simply cannot live without. Yet this rich diversity is being lost at a greatly accelerated rate because of activities related to tourism development. 

Tourism is increasingly being located in natural areas that are frontier, inaccessible, ecologically fragile and critical in terms of their biodiversity Of late nature tourism and adventure tourism are becoming very popular. This kind of tourism activity requires infrastructural development in pristine areas to provide services to the tourists. Developmental activities can impoverish as well as weaken the ability of the living systems, on which tourism depends, to resist growing threats such as climate change. Tourism has an important perspective in development of Islands as these areas are constrained with limited, land resources and scope for industrial growth. 
 
India has a vast geographical diversity, which resulted in varieties of nature tourism such as water falls in Western Ghats, Forests of Western Ghats, Hill Stations ,Wildlife reserves and deserts. Andaman and Nicobar Islands have special tourism perspective due to beach tourism, snorkeling, scuba diving and scenic beauty are some of the features which make islands an important tourism area apart from the history, tribal people, forests, coral reefs, mangroves, coastal areas, rich marine life, endemic birds and plants. The beaches of the Islands are rated by United Nations Development programme as one of the best in the world. Further these Islands consists of two volcanoes namely Narkondam Island and Barren Island. The former is dormant one where as the later is the only active volcano in the country. There are naturally formed lime stone caves and mud volcanoes in Baratang Island, which is thronged by cross section of visitors through out the year. Thus in Andamans, tourism is interlinked to and dependent on Ecological sustainability because the pristine nature of the various ecosystems adds intangible value to the Islands in the promotion of eco-tourism
 
 The ANI are also recognized as international biodiversity hotspots for their rich diversity of forests, marine, coral and mangrove ecosystems with six tribal communities who survive on the ecology of the islands and rank third in our country, apart from the Himalayas and Western Ghats,. The tourism here is essentially based on Nature. These Islands were once inhabited only by the aboriginal Tribes. As these Islands witnessed influx of people from the mainland, the virgin forests also witnessed influx of non native flora and fauna over the years. The alien species of flora and fauna invade and affect the native biota in each and every ecosystem and expand very fast. The cost in terms of loss of biodiversity can be immense. 
 
Environmental challenges associated with tourism are managing mass tourism and conservation of natural resources. As mass tourism grows, the tourist destinations face the danger of losing their originality. Ecotourism activities have been expanding rapidly over the past two decades without actually understanding the true concept of ecotourism and there is little consensus about its meaning among the various stake holders involved. Tourism might provide a livelihood for the native residents of the place but it could be sustained only if the natural resources are prudently used.
 
Tourism can also be planned, managed and implemented in an appropriate manner that acts as a tool for conservation of natural areas. Further, it should be emphasized that people in the developed countries should leave some form of positive legacy to the earth to understand the best ways of doing by gaining an understanding and appreciation of environment of developing countries which will inspire action for its protection.
 
On the global stage, tourism promotion and industry bodies like the World Travel and Tourism council and the UNWTO have constantly fallen back on global guidelines and agreements to showcase their Commitment to sustainability and to the environment. Key global documents linked to tourism have core ideas running consistently which promote the principle of free market, protectionism in trade and investment is to be dismantled and the initiatives should be voluntary and industry led. UNWTO global code of ethics(!!), agenda 21 for the travel and tourism industry, UNEP (IYE), tourism guidelines in the CBD all reflect these principles .

Tourism is an industry that cuts across virtually all other sectors meaning that the industry can affect them and they in turn can have impacts on tourism. Perhaps the most obvious and important linkage in Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the critical one between tourism and the environment. Indeed the tourism industry is highly dependent on the natural and heritage resource base. Tourism needs to be developed to protect the resources, and also needs to work hand-in-hand with those in the environmental agencies to ensure that any activities do not contribute to its degradation. Tourism Industry needs to have strong linkages with the Department of the Environment and Forests, with respect to environmental impact assessment and pollution control etc., and with departments responsible for natural resources, fisheries and archaeology who manage parks and protected areas and heritage sites. 

We can no longer see the continued loss of biodiversity as an issue separate from the core concerns of society: to tackle poverty, to improve the health, prosperity and security of present and future generations, and to deal with climate change. Each of those objectives is undermined by current trends in the state of our ecosystems, and each will be greatly strengthened if we finally give biodiversity the priority it deserves.

We are blessed indeed to have a land that nature has endowed so richly; to still have intact natural forest, unpolluted areas and a clean sea; to have wildlife in abundance, a tribal presence and pristine coral reefs. Let us take careful consideration of these remarkable assets and let us pause and make sure that we do not misuse or waste them. Carefully husbanding, such extraordinary natural wonders can be kept perfectly intact, and at the same time significantly contribute to the welfare of all our people.

Aparna Singh, lecturer, (Environmental Studies)
J N R Mahavidyalaya, Port Blair.

Today is TEACHERS DAY ie 5th September. Teachers Day is a cherished occasion for the teacher as well as for the students. It is celebrated by students all across the country, by honoring their teachers. One may not be fond of all teachers, but there are surely a few who leave an indelible impression in our life’s. The Guru-Shisya tradition denotes a succession of teachers and disciples in traditional Indian culture. It is the tradition of spiritual relationship and mentoring in traditional Indian culture where teaching is transmitted from a GURU to a disciple. It is considered that this relationship, based on the genuineness of the GURU, and the respect, commitment, devotion and obedience of the student, is the best way for subtle or advanced knowledge to be conveyed. The student eventually masters the knowledge that the GURU embodies.

In today’s context who is an IDEAL GURU? Do we have the same relationship between GURU and SHISHYA as it was earlier or has changed? We have in our Indian culture Guru’s like Vasishta and Dronacharya. Unfortunately, today all are in the mad race of competition for better marks; teachers in a school classroom are given less importance than the teachers appointed for private tuition.

Today Teachers Day is celebrated in great style in many schools, but many students meaninglessly give flowers and “thank you” cards merely as a formality. There are very few students who have a genuine respect for their teachers.

Which part or who is responsible for this situation. I being a teacher accept that it’s most on the part of the teacher itself which brought the GURU-SHISHYA relationship from its pious meaning to something else which is hard to describe. Now it’s the sole responsibility of a teacher that how he is going to maintain the GURU-SHISHYA relationship. If the teacher is positive in his efforts then definitely he can establish a good relationship with his students. The unique and foremost trait of a teacher should be total dedication on his/her part in the field of teaching. A true teacher is rich without money. His wealth is to be reckoned not in terms of bank balance, but in the bounteous love and loyalty he has evoked in pupils. He is an emperor whose empire is carved in the grateful minds of his pupils, which no power on earth can shake, no atom bomb can destroy. A teacher must play the role of lamps that shatter darkness, become the lighthouse that guides the wandering ships to their right destination.

A teacher has to fulfill three levels of responsibility to maintain a healthy GURU-SHISYA relationship.
The first is fulfillment of the prerequisite of getting to know his students individually, to probe the innermost depths of their hearts as well as examining the outer details of their lives. As the teacher’s familiarity grows, so the potency of his advice deepens proportionately.
Secondly the teacher must express love and affection towards his students. It is the affection and love that dissolves the student’s natural tendency to resist and the advice can penetrate more easily and effectively.
Finally, the teacher must take time to reflect upon his students progress, highlight their strengths and label them, refining and adjusting his vision to forward in a positive and meaningful way.

Apart from this a teacher should be a constant motivator for his students. Motivation is not a force that can be supplied from outside. It has to be generated from within and it is a teacher, who is a true leader can inspire his students to grow overcoming every inability and obstacle. A teacher does not have to tell his students to improve, his charisma and actions bring transformation in students silently. Teachers should be a role model for their students. Respecting the interests of students assumes much importance. The teacher should help students understand their interests and strengths.

An ideal teacher builds an everlasting impression on the minds of his students and are always remembered and loved. He displays extreme simplicity inspite of his extra ordinary academic attainments, dedicates his whole life to the cause of education. He never allows his students to be idle or indisciplined. The vastness of his knowledge deeply impresses every student and is never proud of it. For a perfect teacher, all students are alike. He is never partial to any students and is always fair. He does not favor any student, treats each student equally.

The importance of teachers influence on a student should never be under estimated. The values learned at home are developed further at school under a teacher’s guidance. Our society needs teachers who understand the sanctity of the GURU- SHISHYA relationship and are able to inculcate the love of knowledge in their students. To conclude it is said that the teachers should imbibe in themselves the qualities of perseverance, integrity and dedication towards their noble profession realizing the fact that teaching is like planting tree; one should wait for a long time for the trees to finally mature.


Compiled by Bency Joy, ( PhD Scholar in Psychology)